Feb 16, 2016

Will I have performance issues when my Redux state object becomes very large?

If you’ve used different flux alternatives in the past – with the state of your application spread across multiple stores – you may think the way Redux manages your app in just one object would bring about performance issues, especially as the object becomes increasingly large.

I had the same doubts, and I have seen quite a few people ask the same question. Even Dan Abramov, the creator of Redux, addressed the subject. Check out what he had to say here.

So… am I going to have performance issues with a large state?

The short answer is no.

It’s a common misconception that the state is held in a gigantic object. Remember that in Javascript, objects are passed by reference.

In the following example, you will see that it doesn’t matter whether the object has many levels. It isn’t a huge object — it’s an object with just three keys that reference other objects, and those objects reference other objects too.

  messages: {
    list: []
    lastRead: "",
  tasks: {
    list: []
  currentUser: {
    id: "123",
    name: "John Doe",
    profilePicture: {
      thumbUrl: "http://lorempixel.com/120/120/",
      profileUrl: "http://lorempixel.com/120/120/",

If you debug this object you would see:

  messages: Object,
  tasks: Object,
  currentUser: Object,

If you are still worried that Redux will copy the state excessively each time you change it, and hurt your memory performance as a result, use immutable data structures like Immutable JS.

This will ensure that objects are immutable and can be “copied” by simply making another reference to them, rather than by copying the entire object. Remember that a reference is much smaller than the object itself, which will help you save memory.

The good thing is that Redux makes no assumptions about the type of state you return from the reducer. You can use plain objects or immutable data structures.

90% of apps will never face these kinds of performance problems. But before you resort to overengineering, it’s better to think about how large your app will become. If you are sure your app will have a “big” state, you may want to do a stress test before you jump the gun on these performance optimizations.

In other cases, it’s better to avoid worrying about this until it has actually become a problem – and it may never become a problem.

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